1) Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2004-2005). National Health Survey: Summary of Results. (No. 4364.0). Canberra, Australian Capital Territory.$File/43640_2004-05.pdf

2) Dabbs, V., & Lauretti, W.J. (1995). A Risk Assessment of Cervical Manipulation vs NSAIDs for the Treatment of Neck Pain. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 18(8), 530-536.

3) Biering-Sorensen, F., & Biering-Sorensen, M. (2001). Sleep disturbances in the spinal cord injured: an epidemiological questionnaire investigation, including a normal population. Spinal Cord, 39, 505-513.

4) Haas et al. (2005). Chronic Disease Self-Management Program for Low Back Pain in the Elderly. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 28(4), 228-238.

5) Scott, S.C. (1999). The Association Between Cigarette Smoking and Back Pain in Adults. Spine 24 (11). 1090-1099

6) Tuchin, P. et al. (2000). A Randomized Controlled Trial of Chiropractic Spinal Manipulative Therapy for Migraine. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 23(2), 91-95

7) Stapletton, D., & Chow, B. (2006, November/December). Innate Intelligence. Bicycling Australia, p. 67

8 ) Negrini, S., & Carabalona, R. (2002). Backpacks on! Schoolchildren’s Perceptions of Load, Associations With Back Pain and Factors Determining the Load. Spine, 27(2), 187-195.

9) Jamison, J.  (2003) Clinical Guide to Nutrition and Dietary Supplements in Disease Management, Churchill Livingston (a) pp. 725 – 731 (b) pp. 319-321

10) Frey C, Thompson F, Smith J, et al. American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society women shoe survey. Foot and Ankle 1993; 14: 78-81.

11) Sanz B, Loutsch JM, Mrqusrt ME, et al: Stress-associated immunomodulation and herpes simplex virus infections, Med Hypotheses 56:348-56, 2001

12) Dunn AL, Trivedi MH, O’Neil HA. Physical activity dose-response effects on outcomes of depression and anxiety.Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000;33:s587–s597

13) Hwang, Mi young, et al: How Much Vitamin C Do You Need?- The Journal of the American Medical Association Jama, April 21, 1999- vol 281, no. 15

14) American Chiropractic Associacion: Tips to maintain good posture-

15) Scientific American: Mark Lescroat, The Healing Power of Touch, 2011,

16) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences: changes in prostate gene expression in men undergoing an intensive nutrition and lifestyle intervention:

17) Souza, Thomas A. 2009, Differential Diagnosis and Management for the Chiropractor– Protocols and Algorithms. a) pp. 69-70 b) pp.1043, 1056-59

18) Zeidan, Fadel, Brain Mechanisms Supporting the Modulation of Pain by Mindfullness, 6 April 2011,  The Journal of Neuroscience, 31(14):5540-5548;doi:10.2011

19) Payne, M.R. (2010). Why Posture Matters (part III). The American Chiropractor (March 2010).

20) Kirk, R., Franz, R., Hoirlis, K., Stiles, A. (2010). Effects of a Short Trial of Posture Exercises on Forward Head and Forward Shoulder Posture in Healthy Adults. Life University. The Journal of Chiropractic Education, Vol 24, 1, 2010.

21)  D. A. BlacoeA. AshworthD. S. UreK. T. Abaza and  D. G. Bogod.Infective Complications of Thoracic EpiduralBritish Journal of Anaesthesiology.Vol 93, Issue 1,2014, pp 149-150.

22) S V AhmedC Jayawarna, and E Jude.Post Lumbar Puncture Headache: Diagnosis and ManagementPostgrad Med J. Nov 2006; 82(973): pp 713–716.

23)  Brieg, Almquist and Wiksell.Adverse Mechanical Tension in the Central Nervous SystemStockholm,1978.

24) Butler,D. Adverse Mechanical Tension in the Nervous System: a Model for Assessment and Treatment . The Australian Journal of Physiotherapy, Vol 35, Number 4, 1989.

25) Sugar, O. MD. Adverse Mechanical Tension in the Central Nervous System: An Analysis of Cause and Effect; Relief by Functional Neurosurgery .Journal of the American Medical Association.1978; 240(25):2776.

26) M.A.Edgar and S.Nundy. Innervation of the SpinalDura Mater.J.Neurol.Neurosurg.Psychiat.,1966,29,530.

27) Pregnancy outcome in South Australia 2005, Adelaide Pregnancy Outcome Unit, Adelaide, South Australian Department of Health. Chan A, Scott J, Nguyen AM, & Sage L 2006

28) Neurology. 2007 Mar 6;68(10):723-9. Assessment: use of epidural steroid injections to treat radicular lumbosacral pain: report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Armon C1, Argoff CE, Samuels J, Backonja MM; Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology.

29) Nonsurgical Management of Acute and Chronic Low Back Pain
Francis H. Shen, Dino Samartzis, and Gunnar B.J. Andersson
J Am Acad Orthop Surg August 2006 ; 14:477-487.

30)  Chapman’s Orthopaedic Surgery 3rd Edition, 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Chapter 149, p. 3874 MANAGEMENT OF THE PATIENT WITH FAILED LOW-BACK SURGERY, William C. Lauerman, Sam W. Wiesel